Let’s say you’ve just come back home from work, it’s the beginning of the weekend, and you want to make some delicious Italian-style pizza at home.
The first ingredient on your list is, of course, flour — there’s no legit pizza dough without flour!
However, your store carries plain white flour, all-purpose flour, bread flour, rye flour, whole-grain flour, type 00 flour, and virtually all the flours of the world.
Which one do you pick for making pizza?
The type 00 flour will be the best choice for the job. It has the highest amount of gluten, which is invaluable for making the pizza dough.
That’s what a savvy pizzaiolo would say.
But what if you’re making pizza for the first time? Then you’ll probably pick the first flower that gets into your hands, or make your decision based on what is considered a “healthier” choice — ending up with whole-grain flour.
Alas, the whole-grain flour will give you an excuse of a pizza crust. By the time you arrive home, you realize that you’ve just made a very bad decision.
You don’t want to make the same mistake with cannabis oils — because they work by the same analogy.
This guide will help you understand the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil. From chemical composition to possible applications, we’ve got you covered.
But first, let’s take a moment to talk about different species in the cannabis plant family.
Cannabis, Hemp, Marijuana: What Makes them Different
Cannabis is an umbrella term used to describe a family of plants. The full name of this family is Cannabis Sativa L.
Now, both marijuana and hemp are cannabis plants — sharing the same parent. However, there’s a vivid difference between these two species.
For one, their appearance. Hemp plants are much taller and thinner than marijuana plants. They can also adapt to much harsher conditions and require minimal care during cultivation.
Marijuana and hemp are also different in terms of their chemical composition. Both plants contain cannabinoids but in different ratios between the two main compounds — CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).
Hemp has higher concentrations of CBD and only trace amounts of THC, usually below 0.3%. This means that hemp plants are non-psychoactive — they won’t get you high like marijuana.
In marijuana plants, this ratio is reversed. Marijuana is high in THC and low in CBD, rarely exceeding 1%. However, some marijuana strains are selectively bred to achieve higher CBD content at the cost of some THC — these variations are created to meet different medicinal purposes.
Both plants also have different applications. Hemp is mostly used in food and supplements. It’s also a good material for textiles, building materials, and biodiesel thanks to its sustainability and high cost-efficacy. Marijuana-derived products are popular for medical or recreational use.
Now that you’ve got a better understanding of different cannabis plants, let’s elaborate on the differences between cannabis oils.
Summary: Key Differences Between Cannabis Oils
The term “cannabis oil” can be used to describe different products sourced from the plants that are members of the Cannabis sativa L. family.
Both hemp oil, CBD oil, and marijuana oil can be classified as cannabis oils due to the aforementioned division. However, all this is where their similarities come to an end.
So, what’s the difference between CBD oil, hemp oil, and marijuana oil?
1. Marijuana CBD Oil
Marijuana oil is made from the marijuana flowers that have been bred to contain high CBD content and lower THC levels unlike marijuana THC oil.
This product is usually used for medical purposes by users seeking the benefits of the entourage effect in cannabis. Researchers believe that the combination of CBD and THC is essential for unlocking the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids.
The THC potency in marijuana-derived CBD oil depends on the breeder; there are no limits to the amount of THC you can get from this product. THC is the main ingredient in marijuana, the one that gets us high. Because of that, marijuana CBD oil is only legal in countries like Canada and or states that have legalized cannabis or have some sort of medical marijuana program.
2. Hemp CBD Oil
This CBD oil is derived from hemp plants, which are typically low in THC (below 0.3%). Users can’t get high from using hemp CBD oil
The low THC content allows hemp companies to label their CBD oil as a health supplement. Hemp-derived products are legal in most countries across the world.
There’s plenty of evidence supporting the effectiveness of CBD hemp oil in similar areas where marijuana CBD oil provides relief. However, scientists argue that the higher concentrations of THC produce greater therapeutic effects in certain conditions, i.e. in neuropathic pain and a range of inflammatory diseases.
Does it mean that CBD oil is weaker than marijuana oil?
Not at all. This just means that we still need more studies to define which type of cannabis oil works better in different applications.
3. Hemp Oil a.k.a. Hemp Seed Oil
Like CBD oil, hemp seed oil comes from the same plant (hemp). But when you consider the exact source of each oil, it turns out that these products are anything but similar.
CBD oil is made from the mature flowers of hemp plants. This is the resinous part of hemp, where cannabinoids are secreted.
Hemp seed oil is made of… hemp seeds! (thanks, captain obvious!) There are virtually no cannabinoids inside this product. On the other hand, hemp seed oil is considered a superfood thanks to the plethora of beneficial nutrients, such as essential fatty acids, vitamin E, protein, fiber, and trace minerals.
Hemp Oil vs. CBD Oil: Breaking Down the Differences
Now that you know how to categorize cannabis oils, it’s time to learn more about the key differences between hemp oil from seeds and CBD oil.
1. The Source of the Oil
CBD oil is made from the plant’s flowers, which have high concentrations of cannabinoid-rich resin.
Hemp seed oil uses only hemp seeds. These contain no cannabinoids whatsoever but are full of valuable nutrients you can include in your diet.
Once extracted, CBD oil is infused into a carrier oil, such as MCT oil, olive oil, grapeseed oil, or even hemp seed oil. But technically speaking, the main ingredient is still a full-spectrum CBD extract.
2. Extraction Method
CBD oil uses solvent-based extraction. The solvent is either pressurized CO2 (for oil drops) or high-proof alcohol (for CBD tinctures). Most reputable manufacturers use CO2 extraction to ensure the highest potency and purity of their extracts.
Hemp seed oil is obtained through cold-pressing the hemp seeds using a mechanical press to separate the oil from the solid matter. This process looks almost the same as olive oil extraction.
3. CBD Content & Other Nutrients
Unrefined CBD oil has high levels of CBD, terpenes, and other cannabinoids (including traces of THC).
Because of that, CBD oil is a highly versatile health supplement because it enhances the performance of your endocannabinoid system, arguably the most important neurochemical network in the body.
Hemp seed oil has 0% CBD but is full of many beneficial nutrients, including omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, wholesome protein, vitamin B2, vitamin E, vitamin B6, and trace minerals.
4. Health Benefits
CBD oil can improve the overall quality of life of individuals. It helps people maintain their chemical balance (homeostasis) in the body through modulating the receptors in the endocannabinoid system. The benefits of CBD oil include relief from stress and anxiety, improved mood, positive changes in pain signaling, better focus, reduced physical tension, and improved immune function on top of many other positive effects.
As for the hemp seed oil, it can help with two major areas. When incorporated into one’s nutrition, it can regulate arrhythmias and resting heart rate, reduce blood pressure, sharpen your sight, and reduce inflammation in the body.
However, hemp seed oil is more commonly used in skin care products due to its moisturizing, anti-inflammatory, balanced oil production, anti-aging, and skin cell repair properties.
5. Consumption Methods of Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil
CBD oil can take many different forms.
The most popular consumption methods involves oil drops which are taken sublingually (beneath the tongue). Once there, the user needs to hold the oil in their mouth for about 60 seconds, then swallow.
Other common forms of CBD oil include capsules, edibles, sprays, topicals, E-liquids, and concentrates.
Hemp seed oil can be mixed into any foods and beverages you like for additional nutritional value. You can also mix it with a topical base of your choice to create your DIY skin care solutions. Topicals with hemp seed oil include body lotions, balms, heating rubs, hand creams, shampoos, lipsticks, etc.
How to Make Sure You Never Buy the Wrong Cannabis Oil
First up, pay attention to how your product is labeled.
Look for products that have descriptive labels. If you want CBD oil from hemp, make sure that’s exactly what’s written on the label — CBD OIL. Avoid companies using vague terminology, such as “cannabis oil” or “hemp oil.” This tells you nothing about the source of your product.
However, let’s say the product you want to buy comes from a reputable brand that receives many positive reviews from returning customers — but it doesn’t clearly tell what kind of oil it is. If you want to give them a shot, always check the details on the label or at the bottom of the product’s description on the company’s website.
If the bottle says “high in omega fatty acids and fiber, superfood, gluten-free”, then you’re most likely reading a description of hemp seed oil, as CBD oil is classified as a health supplement — not food.
On the other hand, when you read something like “1000 mg of full-spectrum CBD oil, extracted with CO2 and tested by third-party laboratories”, it’s safe to assume that you’re dealing with CBD oil. Such products also have supplement facts and directions of use on the bottle, just as any health supplement.
How Do You Know If You’re Buying High-Quality CBD oil?
First of all, high-quality CBD products come from organic hemp plants. Hemp is a bioaccumulator, meaning it will absorb every substance from the environment it grows in. Clean and nutritious soil yields high-CBD plants that are free of potential contaminants and toxins.
As mentioned, reputable companies employ CO2 extraction for making their extracts. This method is more expensive than alcohol or butane extraction, but it’s also safer and produces a cleaner end-product.
Finally, all high-quality CBD oils are 3rd-party tested in independent laboratories for potency and purity. If there are any inconsistencies in the CBD content or purity levels, the company should rework the product and send it for an analysis again. If the manufacturer isn’t open about any of the three aspects of making its CBD oil — it should raise a few red flags.
Summing it Up: What’s the Difference Between Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil?
We hope that this article has given you the tools for distinguishing between different sources of cannabis oil — and that you’ll always make well-informed decisions when buying your products, be it locally or online.
Knowing the source of your cannabis oil, the extraction method, and its possible applications will make it extremely easy for you to pick from marijuana CBD oil vs hemp CBD oil vs hemp seed oil.
If you want to minimize the risk of being ripped off by fly-by-night companies, always buy your CBD oil from a reputable brand, preferably one that has a well-documented record of customer satisfaction.
All in all, we’d like to wish you fruitful purchases, whether your buying CBD oil or hemp seed oil. Just make sure the quality is always your top priority.
Have you ever bought wrong CBD oil because you’ve got defeated by cannabis vocabulary? What tips would you give new users who’d like to avoid misguided purchases? Let us know in the comments!